Current Issues of the collection of the biomass resources and the energy use
The objective of this research was to identify a better method to commercially use biomass energy from a logistical point of view, by clarifying the current status and examining issues involved with the collection of the biomass resources and the energy use. For this objective, we performed an availability estimation of biomass, conducted surveys of existing biomass facilities, and held discussions with biomass experts. 1. In examining the transportation of biomass resources, using our survey of existing biomass facilities, it became evident that:- The amount of biomass usage depended largely on the monetary resources of biomass suppliers, since in most cases the suppliers covered the cost for transportation of the biomass resources.- Biomass, such as compost, had already been well utilized in the areas where there were sufficient biomass resources and efficient transportation for them was available.- Different biomass resources required different modes of transportation. This made it more difficult to maintain a stable supply of biomass.- Biomass transportation costs became more expensive when the biomass resources were located at a greater distance from the biomass facilities. 2. It was crucial for the profitability of a commercial biomass operation to assure there was a demand for biomass electricity/heat consumption. The the collection of the biomass resources was equally important. 3. It was crucial for commercial biomass operations to accurately estimate the available amount of biomass resources during the planning stage so as to insure an adequate input biomass resource supplyand output demand of biomass energyprior to building the biomass facilities. The profitability of commercial biomass operations depended largely on how to insure a demand for biomass heat consumption. It was also evident that biomass facilities should be planned and designed with the participation, cooperation and leadership of the local residents.