財団法人 電力中央研究所

電力中央研究所 研究報告書(電力中央研究所報告)
[CRIEPI Research Report]

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研究報告書 詳細情報
[Detailed Information]

報告書番号 [Report Number]
EY87001
[Title]
ELECTRIC UTILITY MANAGEMENT:LESSONS FROM ASEAN AND NORTHEAST ASIA
タイトル
ELECTRIC UTILITY MANAGEMENT:LESSONS FROM ASEAN AND NORTHEAST ASIA
[Abstract]
THE OIL SHOCKS OF 1973 AND 1979 WITH SUBSEQUENT GLOBAL RECESSION LEFT THEIR IMPACT ON THE NORTHEAST ASIA AND ASEAN COUNTRIES,DAMPENING PROSPECTS OF FUTURE ECONOMIC GROWTH AND CAUSING,WITH THE EXCEPTION OF SINGAPORE,ALL THE ASEAN COUNTRIES TO EMBARK ON VIGOROUS PROPRAMS FOR THE DIVERSIFICATION OF PRIMARY ENERGY SOURCES FOR ELECTRIC POWER GENERATION,FOCUSSING ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF INDIGENOUS ENERGYRESOURCES IN AN EFFORT TO LESSEN DEPENDENCE ON OIL. THESE PROGRAMS STARTED TO SHOW RESULTS IN THE EARLY 1980S,THEREBY BEGINING TO UNDERGO A TRANSITION AWAY FROM OIL-BASED TO MULTIFUEL-BASED ELECTRIC POWER GENERATION. THE ELECTRIC POWER SUPPLY INDUSTRY HAS IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY EMARGED AS PROBABLY THE MOST VITAL AND CAPITAL-INTENSIVE RESOURCE SECTOR IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT. IT IS ALSO A CRITICAL AGENT OF MODERNIZATION AND DEVELOPMENT. TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY,THAT IS A MEASURE OF MANAGEMENT EFFICIENCY,SHOULD BE MEASURED BY TAKING INTO ACCOUNT ALL THE PRODUCTION FACTORS,WEGHING THE PROPORTION OF LABOR COSTS,CAPITAL COSTS,AND FUEL COSTS IN THE TOTAL PRODUCTION COST. SETTING THE TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY OF THE JAPANESE UTILITIES IN 1980 AS EQUAL TO 100,THE INDEX OF TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY IN 1977 SHOWS A WIDE SPECTRUM RANGING FROM 34.4 IN PLN,TO 60.9 IN NEB,TO 82.2 IN KEPCO,TO 83.3 IN TAIPOWER,AND TO 93.1 IN THE JAPANESE UTILITIES. LOOKING BACK ON THE PAST SEVEN YEARS,CONSIDERABLE TECHNICAL PROGRESS HAS BEEN ACHIEVED IN TERMS OF TECHNICAL EFFICENCY INDICATORS THAT ARE SIGNIFICANT FACTORS AFFECTING TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY. IN CONSIDERING THAT THE INVESTMENT GESTATION LAG IN THE POWERSECTOR IS ONE OF THE LARGEST,AND ITS INCREMENTAL CAPITAL-OUTPUT RATIO IS AMONG THE HIGHEST IN THE ECONOMY,THE MANAGEMENT AND FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE OF THE ELECTRIC POWER SECTOR HAS A SIGNIFICANT INFULUENCE ON THE OVERALL CAPITAL EFFICIENCY OF THE CONUTRY AND THEREFORE HELPS TO DETERMINE THE FUTURE WELL-BE
概要 (図表や脚注は「報告書全文」に掲載しております)
報告書年度 [Report's Fiscal Year]
1987
発行年月 [Issued Year / Month]
1988/02
報告者 [Author]

担当

氏名

所属

内田 光穂

経済研究所経済部

キーワード [Keywords]
和文 英文
UTILITY MODERNIZATION

TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY

ASEAN UTILITIES

NORTH-EAST AIAN UTILITIES

ECONOMIC ACTIVITY & ELECTRICITY.
Copyright (C)  Central Reseach Institute of Electric Power Industry. All Rights Reserved.