財団法人 電力中央研究所

電力中央研究所 研究報告書(電力中央研究所報告)
[CRIEPI Research Report]

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研究報告書 詳細情報
[Detailed Information]

報告書番号 [Report Number]
EY92002
[Title]
DEMAND-SIDE MANAGEMENT OF JAPANESE ELECTRIC POWER INDUSTRY
タイトル
DEMAND-SIDE MANAGEMENT OF JAPANESE ELECTRIC POWER INDUSTRY
[Abstract]
DEMAND-SIDE MANAGEMENT(DSM)IS BECOMING AN INTEGRAL PART OF JAPANESE UTILIES BUSINESS. MAJOR UTILITIES ARE ACTIVELY ENGAGED IN SOME FORMS OF DSM,BECAUSE OF THE PEAK LOAD PROBLEM AND TIGHTENING GENERATING CAPACITY CONSTRAINTS,LOAD-SHAPE OBJECTIVES OF JAPANESEUTILITIES ARE FOCUSED MAINLY ON PEAK CLIPPING AND SECOND ON VALLEY FILLING AND LOAD SHIFTING. DSM IS IMPLEMENTED MAINLY ON AN INDIRECT BASIS.LOAD ADJUSTMENT CONTRACT AND NIGHT-ONLY SERVICE HAVE BEEN THE MOST SUCCESSFUL AMONG JAPANESE DSM PROGRAMS. NOW,TIME-OF-USE(TOU)RATES ARE BECOMING POPULAR(FOR INDUSTRIAL AND RESIDENTIAL CUSTOMERS). THERMAL STORAGEPROGRAMS FOR COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS ARE GROWING. UTILITIES HAVE FOCUSED ON INDUSTRIAL USERS IN THEIR EFFORTS TO BALANCE POWER SUPPLY AND DEMAND. TODAY,THEY ARE MAKING EFFORTS TO APPLY BROADER OPTIONS TO SMALLER CUSTOMERS.THIS REPORT OUTLINES THE DSM ACTIVITIES OF JAPANESE ELECTRIC UTILITIES WHO USE THE FOLLOWING PROGRAMS: (1)RATE SYSTEMS FOR LOAD SHIFTING,PEAK SHAVING AND OFF-PEAK LOAD GROWTH. SOME OPTIONS INCLUDE THE LOAD ADJUSMENT CONTRACT FOR LARGE INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL CUSTOMERS,TOU RATES FOR RESIDENTIAL AND INDUSTRIAL CUSTOMERS,AND THE NIGHT-USE FACTOR ADJUSTMENT CONTRACT FOR COMMERCIAL CUSTOMERS. (2)LOAD CONTROL OF APPLIANCES SUCH AS WATER HEATERS AND SPACE HEATERS(PART OF NIGHT-ONLY SERVICE). TOKYO ELECTRIC POWER COMPANY(TEPCO)HAS LAUNCHED A NEW DSM PROGRAM CALLED A HEAT STORAGE SERVICE FROM JULY 1991. THE UTILITY INSTALLS A THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM IN A CUSTOMER S BUILDING,LEASES IT TO THE CUSTOMER WHO MAKES THE HEAT STORAGE LOAD ADJUSTMENT CONTRACT,AND CONTROLS THE HEAT STORAGE TANK REMOTELY. KYUSHU ELECTRIC POWER COMPANY HAS BEEN FIELD TESTING DIRECT LOAD CONTROL OF AIR CONDITIONERS AND WATER HEATERS WITH A TWO-WAY FIBER-OPTIC COMMUNICATION AND CONTROL SYSTEM.
概要 (図表や脚注は「報告書全文」に掲載しております)
報告書年度 [Report's Fiscal Year]
1992
発行年月 [Issued Year / Month]
1992/12
報告者 [Author]

担当

氏名

所属

浅野 浩志

経済研究所経済部エネルギー研究室

キーワード [Keywords]
和文 英文
デマンドサイド・マネジメント DEMAND-SIDE MANAGEMENT
電気事業 ELECTRIC UTILITY
日本 JAPAN
料金 RATE SYSTEM
負荷制御 LOAD CONTROL
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